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Volleyball Terminology

Volleyball Official Signals

Beach Volleyball

What is Volleyball

Volleyball for Kids

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Volleyball Court/Player Positions Volleyball Official Signals/terms Volleyball Equipment  



A serve not returned by the opposing team.





An attempt by the offensive team to end the rally by hitting the ball to the floor of the defensive team.





 A player who spikes or hits the ball over the net.

The action, above the net, by a player resulting in preventing a spike from entering their side of the  court.






Any violation of the rules that results in the referee blowing their whistle.






A term used for a spike or an attack.






A shot that is not returned by the defense.




A team earns a side out and then moves one position clockwise on the court before the next serve.




A skill used to put the ball into play.


Spike .
A powerful attack that puts the ball into the opponents court by jumping and hitting the ball with one hand



 A passing or setting the ball to a teammate who attacks the ball for a kill.


Center Line  

The boundary that divides the court into two equal halves.



The marks that serve as boundaries of a court.


Yellow Card The warning from an official indicated by the showing of a yellow card.  A player or coach who receives two yellow cards in a match is disqualified.

Volleyball Official Signals



1. Point: Raise arm on the side of the team earning the point, and extend one finger.

2. Reserve (Replay): Hold fists close together at chest with thumbs up.

3. Side Out: Extend the arm toward team that will serve, with palm perpendicular to the floor.

4. Double hit: Raise arm, extend forefinger and middle finger. Make the signal on the side of the team that committed the fault.

5. Illegal block or screen: Raise both arms, elbows bent, palms facing forward. Then indicate the player who committed the fault.

6. Foot Fault: Point to the end line with open hand, palm perpendicular to the floor. Make the signal on the side of the team that committed the fault.

7. Ball Crossing Under Net: Point to the center line with open hand, palm facing net and do a little swoop as to indicate the ball went under the net. Make the signal on the side of the team that made the fault.

8. Player crossing center line: (same as 7, just to indicate the player crossed under the net).

9. Incorrect rotation: Make clockwise circular motion with index finger. Then indicate player committing the fault.

10. Ball out: Raise arms vertically and parallel, bent at elbow, palms facing body.

11. Ball in: Point hand at an angle downwards on the side the ball hit the floor with your palm facing away from you perpendicular to the floor.

12. Net Violation: Touch net with open palm on the side of the team committing the fault. Then indicate the player that touched the net. If it was a serve that didn't go over, just touch the net.

13. Time out: Form hands in the shape of a T, then indicate the team making the request.

14. Tip: Hold one arm vertically with palm forward. Brush fingertips with other palm held horizontally.

15. Back Row Attack: Make forward swinging motion with forearm. Then indicate the player committing the fault.

16. Substitution: Rotate fists around each other in a circular motion. Then indicate the team making the request.

17. Four hits: Raise arm with palm facing forward with thumb across palm and extend remaining fingers on the side of the team committing the fault.

18. End of Game or Match: Cross forearms across chest, open palms on shoulders.