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Youth Volleyball Information

Playing Court and Player Positions

Beach Volleyball

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Volleyball Court/Player Positions Volleyball Official Signals/terms Volleyball Equipment  

With Volleyball becoming such a popular sport for boys and girls it is important to understand the court layout and the player positions.

Volleyball Court

The measurements of a volleyball court is 30’ x 60’.  Each team’s side of the court is 30’ x 30’.  The center line is marked at the center of the court dividing it evenly.  The net is hung directly above the center line.  The attack line is 10 feet from the center line.  The end line is a line that is parallel to the net at the back of each playing area. 

While serving, players must stay behind this line until contact is made.  The sidelines mark the sides of each playing area. All players, except the server, must be inside these lines at the time of service. After the serve players may go after balls outside of these lines.  Frontcourt is the area between the attack line and the net on each side of the net. Backcourt is the area between the attack line and the end line on each side of the net.


Volleyball  Player Positions


Volleyball is played by two teams of players on a court divided by a net. At the youth level, volleyball is typically played 3v3 for the 6- to 9-year age group, 4v4 for the 10- to 11-year age group, and 6v6 for the 12 and above age groups. 

Each player has a designated starting position. For example, on a six player court there are positions 1 to 6, with position 1 being the serving position.   Of the 6 players 3 are to the front and 3 to the back, with the back player at the left being the server. Everyone gets to play in every position on the court.  Each time your team wins the serve from the other team all your players rotate their position on the court clockwise.  

The most common specialization comprises three positions: attacker/blocker (also differentiated in "outside" and "middle"), setter and liberos (defensive specialist).

Setter:  Setters have the task for orchestrating the offense of the team. They aim for second touch and their main responsibility is to place the ball in the air where the attackers can hit the ball into the opponents' court in the easiest way as possible.  They have to be able to break up the opponent's block.  Typically the most athletic player on the court and must be quick, skillful and accurate.  Considered to be the quarterback of the team.   

Libero:  A back row defensive player wearing an opposite colored jersey that specializes in serve receive passing, digging, free ball passing, and setting.  They are usually the players on the court with the quickest reaction time, best passing and defensive skills. They are normally the shortest, quickest player on the team.  A player designated as a libero for a match may not play other roles during that match.

Middle Blockers: Middle blockers or Middle hitters are players that can perform very fast attacks that usually take place near the setter. They   act as the teams’ primary blockers and hit from the middle of the court.  In general they are the tallest players, but are often less skillful defensive players.

Outside Hitters: Outside hitters, also known as power hitters are players that pass, serve, receive, and swing out to hit the ball with an approach coming from the outside of the court. Outside hitters are the most skilled players on the court with great ball control and passing abilities. Outside hitters generally help the libero in receiving the opponent's serve.

Server: The server is the player on the team that puts the ball into play to start the rally. The players that understand how to play volleyball the best are often the best servers on the team.