Baseball is played
between two teams of nine players. The game is played on a
baseball field and is monitored by one or more officials, called
umpires. The number of umpires vary depending on the importance
of the game and the league.
The field is called a
diamond. The baseball diamond is a square with 90
feet on a side. It is made up of four bases. The bases are
numbered counter-clockwise: first, second, third and home plate.
The bases (first, second and third) are 15 inch, raised, square
cushions located at three corners of the triangle. The
fourth corner is home plate which is a five-sided rubber
slab that is flush to the ground.
Most baseball fields are enclosed with a
fence that marks the outer edge of the outfield. The fence is
usually set at a distance ranging from 300 to 410 feet (90 to
125 m) from home plate.
The field is divided
into infield and outfield. Infield is the area in the
vicinity of the square formed by the bases.
Fair territory outside the infield is
the outfield. Chalked lines mark the base paths. The lines
between home plate and first base and between home plate and
third base are extended beyond the bases to the outfield fences
and are called foul lines. These lines form a large V,
which is the portion of the playing filed between and including
the fouls lines, and it designates fair territory; the rest of
the filed is foul territory. Most baseball fields have a
fence that marks the outer edge of the outfield and this is
usually from 300 to 410 feet from home plate.
The pitcher's mound is a circular area of
raised dirt with a white rubber slab, known as the pitcher's
plate, set flush with the ground in the center. In Little
League Baseball, the distance between the mound and homeplate is
46'. In High School, the distance is 60 feet 6 inches.
The game is played in nine innings in which each team gets one
turn to bat and tries to score runs while the other pitches and
attempts to defend in the field.
game begins with the visiting team at bat and the home team in
the field. After three outs the home team comes to bat. Once
both teams have had a turn at bat, an inning is completed.
A base runner who successfully touches home plate after touching
all previous bases in order scores a run.
The winner is the team with the most runs after nine innings. In
the case of a tie, additional innings are played until one team
comes out ahead.